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Sanctions threat over S Sudan truce

  • 28 August 2015
  • From the section Africa
Salva Kiir signs the deal, as regional leaders look on
Image caption President Salva Kiir signed the deal but expressed reservations

The UN Security Council has warned the warring sides in South Sudan they face an arms embargo and other sanctions if they do not implement a peace deal due to come into force on Saturday.

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In a unanimous statement, the council called on both parties “to adhere to the permanent ceasefire immediately”.

President Salva Kiir signed the agreement on Wednesday but expressed reservations about it.

Rebel leader Riek Machar signed the deal a week earlier.

At least seven previous ceasefires have been agreed and then shattered within days or even hours.

Under the agreement, the rebels will be given the post of first vice-president, a position Mr Machar held until 2013 when he was dismissed by President Kiir.

Image caption The fighting has left tens of thousands of people dead

The security council expressed its “readiness to consider appropriate measures” if the deal was not implemented, including “an arms embargo and additional targeted sanctions”.

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The statement also expressed concern “with any statement by any party suggesting a lack of commitment to implement the agreement”.

On Wednesday, the US welcomed the deal but said it did not “recognise any reservations” that President Kiir had highlighted at the signing ceremony.

Fighting between forces loyal to the two men over the past 20 months has left tens of thousands of people dead and forced more than 2.2 million from their homes.

The leaders of Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia all helped to broker the agreement and witnessed the signing in South Sudan’s capital Juba.

South Sudan is the world’s youngest state, having broken away from Sudan in 2011.

Fighting broke out in December 2013 after President Kiir accused his sacked deputy Mr Machar of plotting a coup.

Mr Machar denied the charges, but then mobilised a rebel force to fight the government.

Image caption Riek Machar has been a major figure in Sudanese and South Sudanese politics for three decades

Key points of the peace deal:

  • Fighting to stop immediately. Soldiers to be confined to barracks in 30 days, foreign forces to leave within 45 days, and child soldiers and prisoners of war freed
  • All military forces to leave the capital, Juba, to be replaced by unspecified “guard forces” and Joint Integrated Police
  • Rebels get post of “first vice-president”
  • Transitional government of national unity to take office in 90 days and govern for 30 months
  • Elections to be held 60 days before end of transitional government’s mandate
  • Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing to investigate human rights violations

Full PDF of agreement

Five obstacles to lasting peace

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